After many years of slow progress, the computer bridge made great strides at the end of the 20th century. In 1996, the ACBL launched the World Championships Computer Bridge, which was to be held annually at the same time as a major bridge event. The first computer bridge championship was held in 1997 at the North American Bridge Championships in Albuquerque, New Mexico. In the rubber bridge, the rubber ended when a partnership won two games, but the partnership that gets the most points winning rubber. [44] The double-deck is compared, which means that the score for the hand is compared to other tables playing the same cards, and match points are obtained based on comparison results: as a general rule, either “match point score” where each partnership receives 2 points (or 1 point) for each pair it beats, and 1 point (or 1.2) for each draw; or PIM (international matchpoint) in which the number of PMIs (but less proportional) varies with the difference in points between teams. [45] The bridge left the whistle with the birth of “Biritch” in the 19th century and developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to become today`s game. The first settlement for the bridge, dated 1886, is Biritch, or Russian Whist written by John Collinson, an English financier who works in Ottoman Constantinople (now Istanbul). He and his subsequent letter to The Saturday Review of May 28, 1906 document Biritch`s origin as a Russian community in Constantinople. [8] The word biritch is considered a transliteration of the Russian word “” (), an occupation of a diplomatic scribe or presenter. [8] Another theory is that British soldiers invented the bridge during the Crimean War and named it after the Galata Bridge, which they crossed on the way to a café to play cards. [9] The rules of the game are called laws enacted by different bridge organizations. In Gummibricke, a partnership wins a game once it has accumulated 100 contract points; Excess contract points will not be transferred to the next game. A partnership that wins two games wins the rubber and gets a bonus of 500 points if the opponents have won a match, and 700 points if they do not have it.

[44] Almost all trick techniques in bridge can be reduced to one of these four methods. The optimal deck of cards can require a lot of thought and experience and is the subject of whole books on deck. The distributor opens the auction and can make the first call, and the auction takes place clockwise. [c] When it`s their turn, a player can pass – but enter the auction later – or offer a contract that indicates either the amount of his contract and the color of the trump card, or no trump (name) provided it is higher than a player`s last bid, including his partner. [23] All commandments promise to make a series of points out of six, so that a commandment must be between one (seven points) and seven (thirteen points). One command is higher than another if the level is higher (for example. B 2♣ above 1NT) or if the unit value is higher, the order being higher: ♣, ♦, ♥, ♠ and NT (no trump). [23] Calls can be made orally or with an auction box or digitally in an online bridge. Most of the rules reflect those of the double bridge in the tender and play and stand out mainly in the procedures for trade and scoring. Double deck is played in clubs and tournaments that can bring together up to several hundred players. Bridge Duplicate is a sport of mind, and its popularity has gradually become comparable to that of chess, to which it is often compared because of its complexity and mental abilities necessary for high-level competition. The bridge and chess are the only “spirit sports” recognized by the International Olympic Committee, although they are not eligible for the most important Olympic program.

[51] In October 2017, the British High Court ruled against the English Bridge Union, finding that bridge is not a sport as a sportsman, but did not rule on the “broad, somewhat philosophical question” of whether bridge is a sport or not. [52] Over-tricks get the same number of points per non-aesthetic sting, although