Strengthening inter-regional coordination could also be useful. For example, while a province may not have enough money in its budget to pay for mitigation solutions such as agricultural irrigation and waste treatment, cooperation with neighbouring provinces could allow it to participate in regional infrastructure that would cover its development needs and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A regional approach could be a good way to bring together fragmented efforts to address common threats in a region`s provinces. In November 2017, as part of a close dialogue with the donor community, the Vietnamese government identified regional solutions for climate-resilient sustainable development in the Mekong Delta through Resolution 120/NQ-CP, which received broad support from development partners as an effective development strategy. She added that the government is working to improve its climate quality at a time when it hopes to secure international funding for infrastructure projects that can support its economic growth. “And the most cost-effective way to do that is to find “green” financing instruments that are developing in the region,” she said. The CTU`s assessment for Vietnam remains unchanged as “inadequate criticism.” The updated target of the Paris Agreement is 17 million TCO2e stronger and transparency and sectoral coverage have improved, but the target does not advance real measures to combat climate change, as it is still easy to achieve with current policies. Vietnam`s climate commitment for 2030 is consistent with warming of more than 4 degrees Celsius: if all countries followed vietnam`s approach, warming would exceed 4 degrees Celsius. This means that Vietnam`s commitment to climate is not consistent with an interpretation of a “fair” approach to the old 2oC target, not to mention the 1.5C limit of the Paris Agreement. Countries are under pressure to set stricter climate targets by the end of the year and ahead of critical talks in Glasgow, Uk. in November 2021, known as Cop26. In Vietnam, therefore, we see the full integration of climate into existing development practices as a first step towards coordinating short- and long-term climate strategies. This starts with the short-term link between climate planning and development planning, for example by integrating climate into the SEDP.

This will allow us to systematically integrate the climate into long-term national planning. In other words, longer-term goals and strategies can only be directed if the short-term goals are fully on track and integrated into broader development work. Mitigation and adaptation to the effects of climate change is a particular concern of a predominantly coastal country, such as Vietnam, where 70% of the population lives in coastal areas and deep deltas and is therefore potentially exposed to more frequent and damaging floods and tropical storms that are expected to cause global temperatures to rise (Bangalore et al. 2016). Vietnam ratified the Paris Agreement on 31 October 2016. In order to meet their obligations under the agreement, ministries and development partners are working together to implement national action plans for green growth and climate change by 2030.